The ER in 3D: a multifunctional dynamic membrane network. Journal Article uri icon



  • The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a large, singular, membrane-bound organelle that has an elaborate 3D structure with a diversity of structural domains. It contains regions that are flat and cisternal, ones that are highly curved and tubular, and others adapted to form contacts with nearly every other organelle and with the plasma membrane. The 3D structure of the ER is determined by both integral ER membrane proteins and by interactions with the cytoskeleton. In this review, we describe some of the factors that are known to regulate ER structure and discuss how this structural organization and the dynamic nature of the ER membrane network allow it to perform its many different functions.

publication date

  • December 1, 2011

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • September 6, 2013 4:20 AM

Full Author List

  • Friedman JR; Voeltz GK

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-3088

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 709

end page

  • 717


  • 21


  • 12