Model-based assessment of replicability for genome-wide association meta-analysis Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractGenome-wide association meta-analysis (GWAMA) is an effective approach to enlarge sample sizes and empower the discovery of novel associations between genotype and phenotype. Independent replication has been used as a gold-standard for validating genetic associations. However, as current GWAMA often seeks to aggregate all available datasets, it becomes impossible to find a large enough independent dataset to replicate new discoveries. Here we introduce a method, MAMBA (Meta-Analysis Model-based Assessment of replicability), for assessing the ‚Äúposterior-probability-of-replicability‚ÄĚ for identified associations by leveraging the strength and consistency of association signals between contributing studies. We demonstrate using simulations that MAMBA is more powerful and robust than existing methods, and produces more accurate genetic effects estimates. We apply MAMBA to a large-scale meta-analysis of addiction phenotypes with 1.2 million individuals. In addition to accurately identifying replicable common variant associations, MAMBA also pinpoints novel replicable rare variant associations from imputation-based GWAMA and hence greatly expands the set of analyzable variants.

publication date

  • March 30, 2021

has restriction

  • gold

Date in CU Experts

  • January 20, 2022 10:14 AM

Full Author List

  • McGuire D; Jiang Y; Liu M; Weissenkampen JD; Eckert S; Yang L; Chen F; Liu M; Jiang Y; Wedow R

author count

  • 135

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-1723

Additional Document Info


  • 12


  • 1


  • 1964