The Dynamics of Tariff Retaliation Between the United States and Canada: Theory and Evidence Journal Article uri icon



  • This paper presents theory and empirical evidence showing a retaliatory pattern in US–Canadian tariff interactions in the period 1868–1970, whereby the changes in the tariff level of each country are Granger‐caused by the other. In the long run, the USA maintains the tariff changes that it initiates while the Canadian policy tends to back away from changes that it initiates. Furthermore, Canadian policy demonstrates a permanent change following US innovations, while in the long run the US tariff returns to its own internal equilibrium unaffected by innovations in the Canadian tariff.

publication date

  • February 1, 1998

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • July 10, 2014 9:57 AM

Full Author List

  • Bohara AK; Gawande K; Kaempfer WH

author count

  • 3

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0965-7576

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-9396

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 30

end page

  • 49


  • 6


  • 1