Bilingual Curriculum among the Northern Arapaho: Oral Tradition, Literacy, and Performance Journal Article uri icon



  • The correlation between the increasing formality of education and the loss of influence of traditional elders (and traditional culture) has been noted not only for the Arapaho but also more generally. Cowell suggests that Northern Arapaho language classrooms, led by Native-speaking, "traditionally-oriented" elders, offer perhaps the best example within the culture of how traditional practices of oral performance can be mediate via written materials in such a way that traditional forms and content of knowledge can remain intact. Bilingual education materials thus offer a particularly fascinating example of the often-cited Northern Arapaho propensity for creative adaptation and assimilation of Euro-American practices.

publication date

  • January 1, 2002

Date in CU Experts

  • September 30, 2013 1:20 AM

Full Author List

  • Cowell A

author count

  • 1

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0095-182X

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 24

end page

  • 43


  • 26


  • 1