Unshackling evolution Journal Article uri icon



  • In 1994, Karl Sims' evolved virtual creatures showed the potential of evolutionary algorithms to produce natural, complex morphologies and behaviors [30]. One might assume that nearly 20 years of improvements in computational speed and evolutionary algorithms would produce far more impressive organisms, yet the creatures evolved in the field of artificial life today are not obviously more complex, natural, or intelligent. Fig. 2 demonstrates an example of similar complexity in robots evolved 17 years apart.

publication date

  • August 1, 2014

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • February 4, 2021 4:37 AM

Full Author List

  • Cheney N; MacCurdy R; Clune J; Lipson H

author count

  • 4

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1931-8499

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 11

end page

  • 23


  • 7


  • 1