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Publications in VIVO

Avila , Sara

Senior Instructor


Research Areas research areas


research overview

  • Dr. Sara Avila is an economics instructor with almost two decades of experience teaching in-person and online. Her research interests are in the fields of environmental economics and teaching. She has worked on the topics of improving air quality, addressing climate change, improving urban transportation, and biodiversity conservation. She is currently working on research related with incentives for reduce energy consumption and messages in the online classroom.


  • Best practices online education, Nudges for energy conservation, urban mobility


selected publications


courses taught

  • ECON 2020 - Principles of Macroeconomics
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2019 / Spring 2020
    Provides an overview of the economy, examining the flows of resources and outputs and the factors determining the levels of income and prices. Explores policy problems of inflation, unemployment and economic growth.
  • ECON 3070 - Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
    Primary Instructor - Spring 2021 / Spring 2022 / Summer 2022
    Explores theory and application of models of consumer choice, firm and market organization, and general equilibrium. Extensions include intertemporal decisions, decisions under uncertainty, externalities, and strategic interaction.
  • ECON 3545 - Environmental Economics
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2019 / Spring 2020 / Fall 2020 / Fall 2021
    Highlights causes of excessive environmental pollution and tools for controlling it through economic analysis, values of preservation and distribution of costs and benefits from environmental protection programs. Credit given in this course is not included in the calculation of an economics major GPA. Degree credit not granted for this course and ECON 4545.
  • ECON 3818 - Introduction to Statistics with Computer Applications
    Primary Instructor - Summer 2020 / Fall 2020 / Spring 2021 / Summer 2021 / Fall 2021 / Spring 2022 / Summer 2022 / Fall 2022 / Spring 2023 / Summer 2023 / Fall 2023 / Spring 2024
    Introduces statistical methods and their applications in quantitative economic analysis.
  • ECON 4111 - Money and Banking Systems
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2019 / Spring 2020
    Discusses money, financial institutions and the monetary-financial system in a modern economy.
  • ECON 4242 - Urban Economics: The Economics of Cities
    Primary Instructor - Spring 2023 / Spring 2024
    Considers the economic forces which drive households and jobs to congregate in metropolitan areas. It then considers the forces within the city which determine how the established cities "look" - how rents vary with location, the distribution of jobs and households within a city, urban sprawl, and the sorting of households between neighborhoods. Finally it considers some government policies relating to land use and housing.
  • ECON 4705 - Managerial Economics
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2022 / Spring 2023 / Fall 2023
    Application of microeconomic principles and tools to business problems faced by decision makers. Examines decisions related to pricing, products and production, location of firms, vertical and horizontal integration, marketing, uncertainty, market structure, and government regulations and introduces key business communication, accounting and finance principles.
  • ECON 4818 - Introduction to Econometrics
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2020 / Spring 2021 / Fall 2021 / Spring 2022 / Fall 2022 / Spring 2023 / Fall 2023 / Spring 2024
    Provides undergraduate economics majors with an introduction to econometric theory and practice. Develops the multiple regression model and problems encountered in its application in lecture and individual applied projects.


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