Total reactive nitrogen (NOy) as an indicator of the sensitivity of ozone to reductions in hydrocarbon and NOx emissions Journal Article uri icon



  • For areas in the United States not meeting the federal air quality standard for ozone, an issue of continuing controversy is the emphasis to be placed on controlling nitrogen oxides (NOx) in addition to emissions of reactive organic gases (ROG). To assess conditions under which ROG or NOx controls would be most effective, we have analyzed predictions from four studies that represent different locations and meteorological conditions, distinct chemical inputs, e.g., with or without significant biogenic emissions, and different air quality models. A consistent association is found between the sensitivity of ozone to reductions in ROG versus NOx emissions and the simulated total reactive nitrogen (NOy) at the time and place of peak ozone. In the studies examined, ozone was predicted to be reduced most effectively by ROG controls at locations where NOy concentrations exceeded a threshhold value falling in the range of 10 to 25 ppb, whereas NOx controls were predicted to be more effective where NOy concentrations were below that threshhold. The NOy level explains much of the difference in ozone sensitivity at different locations and provides a basis for comparison of predicted sensitivity from different models. In contrast, the morning concentration ratio of ROG to NOx that has been used in the past is a less reliable indicator of O3 sensitivity. Measurement of NOy concentrations along with ozone would assist in empirical testing of model predictions of responses to emission reductions.

publication date

  • February 20, 1994

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • December 17, 2013 10:07 AM

Full Author List

  • Milford JB; Gao D; Sillman S; Blossey P; Russell AG

author count

  • 5

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0227

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 3533

end page

  • 3542


  • 99


  • D2