Physics-informed Machine Learning prediction of ambient solar wind speed Journal Article uri icon



  • Forecasting the ambient solar wind several days in advance still proves extremely difficult. In fact, state-of-the-art models (either physics-based or based on machine learning) do not consistently outperform simple baseline predictions based on 1-day persistence or 27-day recurrence. In turn, our inability to precisely forecast the ambient solar wind impacts both the accuracy and the lead-time of every Geospace and Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere model used for space weather purposes.; Here, we present preliminary results about a physics-informed machine learning model that aims to predict the ambient solar wind up to 5 days ahead, by combining Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) observations and a simplified solar wind propagation model, known as HUX (Heliospheric Upwind eXtrapolation). In essence the model learns a coronal model in a completely data-driven fashion, by using ACE observations as its target.

publication date

  • May 15, 2023

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • February 28, 2023 10:34 AM

Full Author List

  • Camporeale E; Hu A

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles