Ultrafaint [C ii] Emission in a Redshift = 2 Gravitationally Lensed Metal-poor Dwarf Galaxy Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract; Extreme emission-line galaxies (EELGs) at redshift z = 1−2 provide a unique view of metal-poor, starburst sources that are the likely drivers of the cosmic reionization at z ≥ 6. However, the molecular gas reservoirs of EELGs—the fuel for their intense star formation—remain beyond the reach of current facilities. We present ALMA [C ii] and PdBI CO(2–1) observations of the z = 1.8, strongly lensed EELG SL2S 0217, a bright Lyα emitter with a metallicity 0.05 Z; . We obtain a tentative (∼3σ–4σ) detection of the [C ii] line and set an upper limit on the [C ii]/SFR (star-forming rate) ratio of ≤1 × 106 ; L; /(M; yr−1), based on the synthesized images and visibility-plane analysis. The CO(2–1) emission is not detected. Photoionization modeling indicates that up to 80% of the [C ii] emission originates from neutral or molecular gas, although we cannot rule out that the gas is fully ionized. The very faint [C ii] emission is in line with both nearby metal-poor dwarfs and high-redshift Lyα emitters, and predictions from hydrodynamical simulations. However, the [C ii] line is 30× fainter than predicted by the De Looze et al. [C ii]–SFR relation for local dwarfs, illustrating the danger of extrapolating locally calibrated relations to high-redshift, metal-poor galaxies.

publication date

  • March 1, 2021

has restriction

  • bronze

Date in CU Experts

  • February 10, 2022 3:31 AM

Full Author List

  • Rybak M; da Cunha E; Groves B; Hodge JA; Aravena M; Maseda M; Boogaard L; Berg D; Charlot S; Decarli R

author count

  • 16

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0004-637X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-4357

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 130

end page

  • 130


  • 909


  • 2