Effect of chemical structure on secondary organic aerosol formation from C<sub>12</sub> alkanes Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract. The SOA formation from four C12 alkanes (n-dodecane, 2-methylundecane, hexylcyclohexane, and cyclododecane) is studied in the Caltech Environmental Chamber under low-NOx conditions, in which the principal fate of the peroxy radical formed in the initial OH reaction is reaction with HO2. Simultaneous gas- and particle-phase measurements elucidate the effect of alkane structure on the chemical mechanisms underlying SOA growth. Reaction of branched structures leads to fragmentation and more volatile products, while cyclic structures are subject to faster oxidation and lead to less volatile products. Product identifications reveal that particle-phase reactions involving peroxyhemiacetal formation from several multi-functional hydroperoxide species initiate SOA growth in all four systems. The continued chemical evolution of the particle-phase is structure-dependent, with 2-methylundecane SOA formation exhibiting the least extent of chemical processing and cyclododecane SOA achieving sustained growth with the greatest variety of chemical pathways. The extent of chemical development is not necessarily reflected in the oxygen to carbon (O:C) ratio of the aerosol as cyclododecane achieves the lowest O:C, just above 0.2, by the end of the experiment and hexylcyclohexane the highest, approaching 0.35.;

publication date

  • April 24, 2013

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • June 15, 2021 11:00 AM

Full Author List

  • Yee LD; Craven JS; Loza CL; Schilling KA; Ng NL; Canagaratna MR; Ziemann PJ; Flagan RC; Seinfeld JH

author count

  • 9

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