Holistic Infrastructure Resilience Research Requires Multiple Perspectives, Not Just Multiple Disciplines Journal Article uri icon



  • Resilience research includes multiple definitions, concepts, perspectives, and applications across a broad range of academic disciplines. While experts, policy-makers, and practitioners assert that resilience requires holism, what is considered holistic is rarely discussed. The traditional scientific approach to holism is to engage multiple disciplines. However, this review studies an alternative approach to holism that engages multiple perspectives, as suggested by integral theory. An integral approach requires consideration of at least four irreducible domains: (1) subjective experience, (2) intersubjective culture, (3) objective behavior, and (4) interobjective systems. This way of approaching holism both engages multiple disciplines and reveals important gaps in the popular understanding of resilient infrastructure. For example, organizing the 20 most highly cited resilience research articles from all disciplines according to the Integral Map reveals that most articles in the sample set are distributed among three of the four perspectives corresponding to experience, behavior, and systems. None of the most popular articles studies resilience through the lens of culture. Thus, the importance of factors such as organizational values and group intentionality may be underappreciated in the scholarly literature.

publication date

  • August 10, 2018

has restriction

  • gold

Date in CU Experts

  • November 11, 2020 1:06 AM

Full Author List

  • Thomas JE; Eisenberg DA; Seager TP

author count

  • 3

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2412-3811

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 30

end page

  • 30


  • 3


  • 3