Maloy specializes in early medieval music. Her primary interests are liturgical chant, liturgy and ritual, and the theory and analysis of early music. The author of four books and many articles and book chapters, Maloy has substantially contributed to her field and is a leading voice in musicology. Her current and recent work has been supported by funding from the European Research Council, the Arts and Humanities Research Council in the United Kingdom, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.
Within CU, she is recognized as among the most respected and dedicated teachers at the College of Music. A part of the CU faculty since 2002, Maloy has demonstrated a deep commitment to teaching. From the beginning of her time at CU, she has taught 18 different courses, ranging from introductory courses for non-music majors to doctoral seminars in musicology.
In her tenure at the university, she has served as a member of many university and college committees, and serves as a frequent peer reviewer and external evaluator for presses, journals and other institutions.